International Migration

International migration is as old as human civilisation. In the need-based global economy, immigration inflow to a country is a factor of economic development and planning. For the major immigration inflow countries, the foreign-born population (2016) is : Australia 27.8%, New Zealand 24.8%, Canada 20.3%, Germany 14%, UK 13.7%, USA 13.4%, France 12.6%. Only 4 OECD countries (Australia, Canada, UK and USA) constitute the destination for nearly 70% of the 28 million. In 2010, the USA hosted 11.4 million skilled migrants, 41% of the OECD total. High skilled female immigrants in OECD countries grew by 152% between 1990 and 2010 from 5.7 to 14.4 million. 28 million high skilled migrants resided in OECD countries in 2010, an increase of 130% since 1990.
An overview of the flow of international immigration based on 2017 data, gives indications of the continuing pattern of immigration in the near future:

  • The number of international migrants worldwide has continued to grow rapidly in recent years, reaching 258 million in 2017, up from 220 million in 2010 and 173 million in 2000.
  • India was the largest country of origin of international migrants at 17 million Indians, followed by 13 million Mexico. Other countries of origin with large migrant populations include 11 million Russia, 10 million China, 7 million Bangladesh, 7 million Syrian Arab Republic, and Pakistan and Ukraine 6 million each.
  • Of the 258 million international migrants worldwide, 106 million were born in Asia. 61 million in Europe, 38 million Latin America and the Caribbean, and 36 million in Africa.
  • Two thirds (67%) of all international migrants were living in just 20 countries. 50 million resided in the USA, the largest number of international migrants, followed by Saudi Arabia, Germany and Russia each hosted around 12 million, followed by nearly 9 million in the UK.
  • Over 60% of all international migrants, i.e. 80 million live in Asia, and 78 million live in Europe. Of the remaining, 58 million in Northern America, 25 million in Africa, 10 million in Latin America and the Caribbean, and 8 million Oceania.
  • The median age of international migrants worldwide was 39 years. Between 2000 and 2017, the median age of international migrants declined in Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Oceania.
  • Between 2000 and 2015, positive net migration contributed to 42% of the population growth observed in Northern America and 31% in Oceania. In Europe, instead of growing by 2%, the size of the population would have fallen by 1% in the absence of a net inflow of migrants.
  • The total number of refugees and asylum seekers in the world was estimated at about 25.9 million.
  • High-income countries have absorbed most of the recent growth in the global population of international migrants, gaining 64 million of the 85 million migrants added worldwide between 2000 and 2017.
  • The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes several migration-related targets and calls for regular reviews of the progress toward their achievement using data disaggregated by, inter alia, migratory status.
  • The ratification of 5 United Nations legal instruments concerning international migration, while progressing, remains uneven. As of September 2017, 37 Member States had ratified all 5 legal instruments, while 13 Member States had ratified none of them.

Australia is a promising country with many opportunities. In Australia, immigrants are selected based on a point system, more than 66% of permanent immigrants are admitted based on their education and skills that gives a boost to their economy. New immigrants can avail various immigration settlement programs. Australia is in the midst of an unprecedented experiment in mass immigration, the like of which the developed world has never seen and this influx of people feeds into its growth. With immigration, Australia is boosting the population of healthy, working-age, taxpaying adults who need little dependence on social welfare system and medical care. As Australia’s population grows, the country needs exponentially more and more immigrants in order to continue to reap the same economic benefits.
More people means more demand for everything including housing, labour, education etc. Australia’s  infrastructure is not keeping up with population growth indicating huge potential opportunities. The building housing boom still has not kept pace with population growth in metro-areas. Australia might need exponentially more immigrants in order to sustain its current levels of economic growth.

Australia has turned immigration into an export industry. After minerals, the largest export is going to be education services grossing tuition fee. An Australian degree is viewed as a backdoor to permanent residency. In fact, 43 universities in Australia are public institutions and they are selling hope along with just quality education. Australia with its population of just 25 million, is ranked 4 th in the world for the number of international university students at 382,000, i.e. 33% students of that of the USA with population of 325 million. International student enrolment is growing at double-digit rates. In Australia, 80% of international students arrive at post-secondary education through well-defined pathways programs, compared with 30% of international students in Canada.

The popular options of immigration include, Student, Family, Skilled Worker, Business and Travel visas.


Canada is a country built by immigrants. There are over 60 programs are offered to facilitate immigration to Canada. Federal and Provincial govt programs are continuously introduced to welcome about 300,000 immigrants every year to resettle. You may immigrate to Canada through various categories like – Express Entry (skilled workers), Family sponsorship (relatives including spouse, partner, children, parents, grandparents), Self-employed (in cultural or athletic activities), Start-up visa (starting a business and creating jobs), Immigrant Investors (by investing in economy), Provincial nominees (being nominated by a province or territory), Caregivers (by providing care for children, the elderly or those with medical needs, or work as a live-in caregiver), Refugees, Quebec-selected skilled workers (skilled worker in Quebec), Atlantic Immigration Pilot (by graduating from a school or working in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, or Newfoundland and Labrador). High quality education for students is very popular recently.

According to Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Canada spends higher percentage of GDP on education compared to other countries in the world. Moreover, it consistently ranks higher than other countries on international tests on academic performance. 95% of international students recommend Canada as a study destination. Canada ranks as the world’s 3rd most popular destination for international students according to UNESCO. Canada has a largest share of international students in comparison to their total higher education populations. It is just behind Australia (23.8%) and the U.K. (21.1%).

Canada has the highest rate of post-secondary educational attainment. 75% international students in Canada are studying at the postsecondary level. In 2017, international students were 494,525 (25% are from India and 28% from China) – an increase of 119% between 2010 and 2017; and 20% increase over the previous year. The second fastest growth was from India at 63% in 2016-17. International students made up 11% of the postsecondary student population in Canada in the 2015-2016.
97% of Canadian universities offer education abroad programs and 82% of Canadian colleges and institutes offer education abroad.

There are  many reasons why Canada is a cherished destination for international students. Among other factors, the tuition fees are considered really affordable for the high-quality education offered. Moreover, according to surveys,  Canada education prepares students well for the job market.

Moreover, international students in Canada can  work while studying . Normally, they get part-time jobs, inside and  off campus , to get some extra money that helps to pay for the living expenses. Also, lots of them continue to  work in Canada  after graduation. Some are even eligible to  immigrate after graduation . Also, the provinces of  Atlantic Canada have a government policy to improve international student retention.

Though there are numerous categories to enter Canada but important options for immigrating include, Student, Skilled Worker, Family, Business, Temporary Worker and Resident visas.

Our dedicated, qualified and experienced team of expert Canadian visa consultants comprising ICCRC members and Immigration lawyers, can help you with your Canadian visa needs.

Moving from USA to Canada?There are many ways to immigrate to Canada from the United States or to reside in Canada temporarily, but each pathway requires a plan.
Reside in Canada Temporarily: Work in Canada, SWAP Working Holidays, USMCA, Intra-Company Transfer Work in Canada Without a Work Permit Study in Canada
Permanent Immigration to Canada: Express Entry, Provincial Nominee Programs, Immigration to Quebec, Spousal/Common-Law Sponsorship, Business Immigration to Canada

USA is a super power with strong economy and opportunities. 700,000 people are accepted every year to settle in the USA. New immigrants have to first get a Green Card – permanent residence. There are various programs available like Student visa, skilled workers visa, business, family and travel visa programs. In the year 2065, the U.S. is projected to have an estimated 78 million immigrants, currently being at 45 million. Various options to go to USA include Green Card, Student, Skilled Worker, Business, Family and Travel visa.

Our dedicated, qualified and experienced team of expert USA visa consultants comprising ICCRC members and Immigration lawyers, can help you with your American visa needs.

New Zealand

The majority of New Zealand’s population of 4.9 million is of European descent followed by the indigenous, Asians and Pacific Islanders; with recent broadening arising from increased immigration. 25% population is born overseas. Permanent Residents are set at bout 1% of the population. The number of fee-paying international students increased sharply in the late 1990’s with over 20,000 studying in public institutions. The OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment ranks New Zealand’s education system as the seventh best in the world. Various options of immigration categories include, Skilled Migration, Business Immigration, Student, Work and Family visas.

Our dedicated, qualified and experienced team of expert New Zealand visa consultants comprising ICCRC members and Immigration lawyers, can help you with your New Zealand visa needs.


In the last few years UK has introduced a number of new visa categories naturalization, visa, work permit and UK working visa. The UK Border Agency introduced Highly Skilled Migrant Program many years ago; the points based skilled immigration category proved to be very successful for the country’s economy. Various current visa categories include, Skilled Worker, Family, Visitor, Business, and Student visas.

Our dedicated, qualified and experienced team of expert UK visa consultants comprising ICCRC members and Immigration lawyers, can help you with your British visa needs.


Currently, many EU countries offer Citizenship-by-Investment (CBI) programmes.

In Cyprus, procedures allow for citizenship with family in 3 months (automatically a citizen of EU), allowing visa free entry to 159 countries including EU, UK and Canada.

In Bulgaria, Hungary and Portugal, with minor variations, investor program and citizenship is faster, and upon investing, immigrant becomes instant EU resident leading to citizenship within 2 years. On has access to Schengen zone, high quality healthcare and conditional tax exemption on global income.

The Cyprus program requires the depending children under the age of 27 to be attending school full time.

In Portugal a Residence-by-Investment programme offering lucrative opportunities, it does lead to citizenship after 5 years subject to the applicant having a basic understanding of the language.

In Malta, the program requires adult children to be between 18 and 26 and financially dependent on the applicant (not necessarily enrolled in school). This programs is much more comprehensive and involves both a residence application and a citizenship application. Montenegro will soon be launching a citizenship program. Moldova, though much further away from joining the EU, will also be launching a citizenship program shortly. As such, Moldavian passport is very similar to the Caribbean ones that offer citizenship programs.

The Caribbean

Many small Caribbean countries/islands are rich in natural resources, are open to trade and tourism, have high standard medical schools with easy admissions, and have liberal immigration policies. there are 5 countries in the Caribbean offering CBI programmes (Citizenship-by-Investment) – Antigua, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts & Nevis and St Lucia. Their citizenship-by-investment (moderate) programs are for the entire family and are fast. In some case the citizenship can be obtained within 3 months and the passports are well recognized and provide visa free travel to numerous countries including Canada, Schengen Zone, UK, Hong Kong. For most Caribbean programs adult children need to be enrolled in post secondary school except for Grenada.

Our dedicated, qualified and experienced team of expert Caribbean visa consultants comprising ICCRC members and Immigration lawyers, can help you with your Caribbean visa needs.

Warning Every nation, country or colony has rules and laws that control and regulate people who come in from other places. Migration becomes illegal when people enter a country or border without due permission. Many times, people with access to funds or with a lot of information, knowledge, ambition and motivation have desire to migrate for better life, and they sneak into other countries by land or sea, or seek help from other organized groups to sneak into other countries to work illegally. This is known as human trafficking. Many of the illegal migrants involved end up in very difficult and dangerous situations, as they do not have the proper documents to get a job and reside. Unified does not condone the above type of migration.